(a) (i)

Without arrays you would need to have separate variables for each value, which would be confusing and error-prone. It is very easy to change the values in an array by using an index value, e.g. averages[5] = 80.

(ii)

MAX = 0 loop J from 0 to NUMSTUDENTS - 1 if AVERAGES[J] > MAX then MAX = AVERAGES[J] NAME = STUDENTS[J] end if end loop output NAME

(b) (i)

The arrays are aligned such that STUDENTS[N] has an average of AVERAGES[N].

If only one of the arrays is sorted, then this alignment will be lost and it will no longer be possible to tell which student has which average.

If one array is sorted, then the other array needs to be sorted in the same way.

(ii)

loop J from 0 to NUMSTUDENTS - 1 loop K from 0 to NUMSTUDENTS - 1 if AVERAGES[K] < AVERAGES[K+1] then TEMPA = AVERAGES[K] AVERAGES[K] = AVERAGES[K+1] AVERAGES[K+1] = TEMPA TEMPS = STUDENTS[K] STUDENTS[K] = STUDENTS[K+1] [K+1] = TEMPS end if end loop end loop

(c)

A student object could be created, with two member variables, “name” and “average”.

These variables would be bound to the object and so could not be separated.

You could then have one array of student objects, which would be more manageable than having two arrays that have to be kept aligned.